Image Attribution Key

Information listed corresponds to images in profiles and essays.

Note: If a caption does not have a source acronym, it is usually from a book or primary source listed in the bibliography or Archival Paper Collections or is a screenshot taken by the contributor. In some cases, it means the image is from a basic Internet image search. 

ADF = Archives Départementales du Finistère, Quimper, France

AFA = Agrasánchez Film Archive

AFB = American Foundation for the Blind

AFI = American Film Institute

AGNM-F = Fototeca del Archivo General de la Nación, Mexico

AMPAS = Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences / Academy Film Archive


APIS =  Archivo Peruano de Imagen y Sonido

ASL-NSW = State Library of New South Wales, Sidney Australia (Mitchell Library).

ATF-CFAL = Filmarchiv Austria- Central Film Archive Laxenburg, Laxenburg, Austria

AUC = National Film and Sound Archive, Canberra, Australia

BEL = Royal Belgian Film Archive

BDAE = Biblioteca Digital das Artes do Espetáculo

BDCM = Bill Douglas Cinema Museum, University of Exeter

BFI = British Film Institute, National Archive

BISON = Bison Archives

BML = Bibliothèque Municipale de Lyon

BNC = Biblioteca Nacional de Chile

BNF = Bibliothèque Nationale de France

BSU = Boise State University, Nell Shipman Archive

BYU = Brigham Young University, Cecil B. DeMille Collection

CA = Cinemateca Argentina

CAQ = La Cinémathèque Québécoise

CB = Cinemateca Brasileira

CHS = Connecticut Historical Society

CPLDG = Cleveland Public Library Digital Gallery, W. Ward Marsh collection

CSA = Croatian State Archives, Photographic Collection of Croatian Film

DEB = Bundesarchiv (Berlin)

DEK = Deutsches Kinemathek

DKK = The Danish Film Institute

DIF = Deutsches FilmInstitute

FIH= Kansallinen audiovisuaalinen arkisto/National Audiovisual Archive (KAVI), Helsinki, Finland.

FPFC =  Fundación Patrimonio Filmico Colombiano

FRC = Cinémathèque Française

FRL = Lobster Film, Paris

FRPG = Gaumont Pathé Archives

GBNA = The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, United Kingdom

HL =  Harvard Library

IA = Internet Archive

IED = Irish Film Archive

IRB = L’immagine Ritrovata

ITB = Cineteca di Bologna

ITT = Museo Nazionale del Cinema

IWM [also on site as GBI] = Imperial War Museums

JMK = The Museum of Kyoto

KCPL = Kansas City Public Library

KMFI =  Kawakita Memorial Film Institute, Tokyo, Japan 

KT =

MCFL= Marin County Free Library

McMC = McCord Museum of Canadian History

MHDL = Media History Digital Library

miSci = Museum of Innovation and Science. 

MoMI = Museum of the Moving Image, Astoria, Queens

MOJSM = Martin and Osa Johnson Safari Museum

MS = Museo Soumaya

NAA = National Archives of Australia, Canberra, Australia

NAC = Narodowe Archiwum Cyfrowe/National Digital Archives (Poland)

NC = University of North Carolina, North Carolina Collection

NCCP = University of North Carolina, Collection Photographic

NDSU = North Dakota State University

NFA = Národní filmový archiv, Prague, Czech Republic

NLI = National Library of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland

NLS-SSA = Scottish Screen Archives, National Library of Scotland, Glasgow, Scotland

NPG -UK = National Portrait Gallery – UK

NU = Dublin Gate Collection, Northwestern University

NYPL = New York Public Library

NYT  = New York Times

ONB=  Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (Austrian National Library)

PC = Private Collection

PD = Public Domain

PSP = Prefectura Sao Paolo

PTL = Cinemateca Portuguesa- Museu do Cinema

RB = Robert Birchard

RDT: The Richard Diamond Trust

RG = Robert Grau, Theatre of Science (Broadway Publishing Co.l, 1914).

RNICMC = Red Nacional de Información Cultural del Instituto Mexicano de Cinematografía

SU = Stanford University, Special Collections & University Archives

TBHMS = Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

UCLA = University of California, Los Angeles

UM = University of Minnesota (Wilson Library) 

UNAM = Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

UOL-WHC = University of Oklahoma Libraries, Western History Collections

USM = Museum of Modern Art

USW = Library of Congress

USW-PP = Library of Congress, The Paper Print Collection

UW = University of Wyoming

WCFT =  Wisconsin Center for Film and Television

WFHI  = Women and Film History International

YU-B = Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Note: The Women Film Pioneers Project is not an image clearinghouse. Users may contact archive or commercial source credited on each image. The source credit PC (contributor or family member) indicates private holding, designed to discourage inquiries. The Project does not respond to inquiries about sources.