Profile

Mabel Normand
Mabel Fortescue
actress
director
Mabel Normand starred in at least one hundred and sixty-seven film shorts and twenty-three full-length features, mainly for Mack Sennett’s Keystone Film Company, and was one of the earliest silent actors to function as her own director.
DOB: 11/09/1892
US

Mabel Normand

Lived:
November 9, 1892 - February 23, 1930
Also Known As:
Mabel Fortescue
Worked as:
co-director, comedienne, director, film actress, producer, scenario writer
Worked In:
United States
by Simon Joyce, Jennifer Putzi

Mabel Normand starred in at least one hundred and sixty-seven film shorts and twenty-three full-length features, mainly for Mack Sennett’s Keystone Film Company, and was one of the earliest silent actors to function as her own director. She was also one of the first leading performers to appear on film without a previous background in the theatre (having begun her career in modeling), to be named in the title of her films (beginning with 1912’s Mabel’s Lovers), and to have her own studio (the ill-fated Mabel Normand Feature Film Company). That her contributions to early film history are not better known is attributable in part to her involvement in the Hollywood scandals of the 1920s, and in part to our reliance on the self-interested memoirs of her better-known colleagues (especially Sennett and Charlie Chaplin) following her death at age thirty-eight. It is hard to get an accurate picture from such questionable and contradictory recollections, or from interviews with Normand herself, filtered as they often were through a sophisticated publicity operation at Keystone. Film scholars who have worked with these same sources have often proved just as discrepant and unreliable, especially in their accounts of her directorial contributions.

Mabel Normand (p/d/w/a). PC

Mabel Normand (p/d/w/a). PC

Mabel Normand. USW

Mabel Normand (p/d/w/a). USW

Leah Baird, Flora Finch, Ann Brody, Anne Shaeffer, Anita Stewart Mabel Normand, Norma Talmadge, Constance Talmadge, Florence Turner, 1926,AMPAS

Leah Baird, Flora Finch, Ann Brody, Anne Shaeffer, Anita Stewart, Mabel Normand, Norma Talmadge, Constance Talmadge, Florence Turner, 1926. AMPAS

Mabel Normand. USW

Mabel Normand (p/d/w/a). USW

Mabel Normand. USW

Mabel Normand (p/d/w/a). USW

Normand_CCP_FIGX_WFP-NOR08

Slide Jinx (1919), Mabel Normand (p/d/w/a). PC

The Mabel Normand Studio. PCPM

The Mabel Normand Studio. PC

Mabel Normand (a/d/p),MoMA

Mabel Normand (p/d/w/a). MoMA

Mabel Normand (p/d/w/a) death certificate, PC

Mabel Normand (p/d/w/a) death certificate. PC

Normand’s early career included stints at the Biograph Company, working with D. W. Griffith, and at the Vitagraph Company, yet it was her work at Keystone that solidified her image as slapstick comedienne. Typical roles featured her as the object of desire, often pursued by Sennett’s country “rube”; as an urban ingénue in films like the metacinematic Mabel’s Dramatic Career (1913), in which she becomes a Keystone actress; or as the helpless victim in parodies of period melodramas like Barney Oldfield’s Race for a Life (1913), in which she is the iconic woman tied to the railroad tracks. At other times, including the six-reel feature Tillie’s Punctured Romance (1914), she “gives as good as she gets,” as an accomplice and equal partner with Chaplin in the physical comedy of slapstick. Later, beginning with Mickey (1918), she sought to combine these different character tropes as a tomboy figure who actively works to overcome social adversity.

While Mabel Normand may have codirected at least two shorts with Sennett prior to 1914, including Tomboy Bessie at Biograph (1912), it was in this year that she identified her profession in the Los Angeles city directory as “director,” rather than “actress,” as she did in 1913 and 1915. Moving Picture World reported in December 1913 that the “leading woman of the Keystone Company, since its inception, is in the future to direct every picture she acts in. This will undoubtedly make Keystone more popular than ever, and this will give Miss Normand the opportunity of injecting some of her comedy, which she has never had an opportunity to put over before” (1289). It is hard, however, to definitively distinguish her films from others as they all evidence the studio’s recognizable house style, one that de-emphasized the responsibilities of the director (in those years uncredited on extant prints) and aimed for an apparently spontaneous—but actually carefully crafted—filmic effect. Questions of attribution remain open for most of the films listed below, with directorial credit often given to Sennett, Chaplin, or “Fatty” Arbuckle, her frequent costar following Chaplin’s departure, and they may never be answered, since the popularity of Keystone meant multiple re-edited prints and re-issues. In the absence of definitive information, our filmography has been generated by cross-referencing the listed published and online sources, noting where discrepancies occur.

As an example of the confusion, we might consider 1914’s Mabel at the Wheel, the second film she made with Chaplin, in which she resists the machinations of his character and drives a racing car to victory. Normand is listed as director in company records in the Keystone Collection housed in the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, yet Moving Picture World reported in 1914 that “Mabel Normand and Mack Sennett collaborated in the direction of this picture” (680). Among more recent sources, Betty Harper Fussell and Kalton C. Lahue both credit the film to Normand alone, while three other sources list it as a collaboration (Fussell 257; Lahue 145). It was, moreover, in relation to the shooting of this film that Chaplin recalls complaining to Sennett about Normand’s “competence,” after which he claims he was allowed to direct all his films at Keystone (149). Sennett remembered events differently, however, suggesting that Chaplin’s apprenticeship lasted for “a dozen one- and two-reel pictures,” during which time he “learned [to direct] from Mabel Normand” (163–64). Finally, Normand herself later claimed in Picture Play that “For a long time, I directed all the pictures I played in, the best known of which are the Chaplin series” (46). Overall, she made eleven films at Keystone with Chaplin, and thirty-one in 1914 alone; if she did, indeed, direct all of the films in which she starred, this suggests a total directorial output far greater than that with which she is typically credited. Our research indicates that she acted as director or codirector for a total of twenty-six films made between 1912 and 1915; of these, however, our sources are in agreement on only seven titles.

Sennett’s motivation for encouraging Normand to direct is unclear. He clearly had respect for her talent as an actress, and most scholars agree that he had been in love with her. Although Mabel Normand was their first star, she was also notoriously underpaid at Keystone, and Sennett and his New York partners may have capitulated to her demands to direct in an effort to retain her. Chaplin’s salary famously rose to $1,250 per week after he left Keystone, for instance, while Normand was still paid $175 per week (Fussell 74). The abortive Mabel Normand Feature Film Company, launched in 1916 while the newly formed Triangle Film Corporation was collapsing, seems a belated effort by Sennett to placate the comedienne and to retain her services. Only one feature film, Mickey (1918), was released by the company, however, and only after Normand had already accepted a five-year contract with Samuel Goldwyn. The reason for the extended filming and post-production period for Mickey is, predictably, unclear, although Triangle’s management difficulties and Normand’s developing tuberculosis certainly played a role.

Lantern slide Fatty and Mabel Adrift (1916), Mabel Normand (a). CPLDG

In 1920 Mabel Normand returned to Keystone to work with Sennett again on what was intended to be her come-back vehicle Molly O’ (1921). The release of the film was marred, however, by Fatty Arbuckle’s rape trials, and much of the rest of Normand’s career was similarly affected by scandal: the sensational—and unsolved—murder of close friend (and Motion Picture Directors Association president) William Desmond Taylor in 1922; a shooting two years later by Normand’s chauffeur; and persistent stories of her drug use and alcoholism. Even after her death, scholars have been more interested in the gossip surrounding Normand’s life and romances (including an announced marriage to Sennett in 1915 that never materialized) than her work. Among recent biographers, Fussell has speculated on a stillborn child with Goldwyn, while Simon Louvish’s study of Sennett suggests not only that Normand may have had hereditary syphilis, but also that Sennett may have been gay. Scholars would do well to refocus attention on Normand’s distinctive contribution to early cinema and slapstick comedy, as well as the nature of her directorial work for Keystone.


Selected Bibliography

Chaplin, Charles. My Autobiography. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1964.

Fussell, Betty Harper. Mabel. New York: Limelight Editions, 1992.

Lahue, Kalton C. Kops and Custards: The Legend of Keystone Films. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1968.

Los Angeles Directory Company. Los Angeles City Directory. Los Angeles: Los Angeles City Directory Company, 1913-1942.

Louvish, Simon. Keystone: The Life and Clowns of Mack Sennett. New York: Faber and Faber, 2003.

“Mabel at the Wheel.” Moving Picture World (2 May 1914): 680.

“Miss Normand, Director.” Moving Picture World (13 Dec. 1913): 1289.

Rex, Will. “Behind the Scenes with Fatty and Mabel.” Picture Play (April 1916): 46.

Archival Paper Collections:

Mabel Normand Clippings file. AMPAS-SC.

Mabel Normand collection compiled by William R. Meyer. AMPAS-SC.

Mack Sennett papers. AMPAS-SC.

Complete Project Bibliographies

Filmography

A. Archival Filmography: Extant Film Titles:

1. Mabel Normand as Actress, Director, Co-Director and/or Scenario Writer

The Engagement Ring. Dir.: Mack Sennett, au.: Mabel Normand (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Edward Dillon, Dell Henderson, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM , FRL.

Tragedy of a Dress Suit. Dir: Mack Sennett, sc: Mabel Normand (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Eddie Dillon, Ford Sterling. si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, ITG.

Tomboy Bessie. Dir: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, ITG.

Caught in a Cabaret. Dir: Mabel Normand (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Mabel Normand, Charlie Chaplin, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, GBB, USR, USL, USF, PFA, CAQ, CUH, ITB, ITG, DKK, DEI.

The Fatal Mallet. Dir: Mack Sennett and Mabel Normand (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Mabel Normand, Charlie Chaplin, Mack Sennett, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USL, USF, GBB, ITG, NLA.

Mabel at the Wheel. Dir: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Mabel Normand, Charlie Chaplin, Mack Sennett, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, GBB, USL.

Mabel’s Blunder. Dir: Mabel Normand (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Mabel Normand, si, b&w; 35mm. Archive: USW, USF.

Mabel’s Busy Day. Dir: Mabel Normand and Charlie Chaplin (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Mabel Normand, Charlie Chaplin, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USL, GBB, CNC/ANC, CUH, ITG, DKK, ESM, ARF.

Mabel’s Married Life. Dir: Charlie Chaplin and Mabel Normand (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Charlie Chaplin, Mabel Normand, Mack Swain, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, USL, USF, USR, GBB, CNC/ANC, ROB, CUH, ITB, ITG, DKK, ARF, HUB, ITN.

Mabel’s Strange Predicament. Dir: Henry Lehrman, Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Charlie Chaplin, Mabel Normand, Chester Conklin, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: ITG, DKK, ESM, ARF, GBB, FRL.

Mabel’s and Fatty’s Married Life. Dir: Mabel Normand, Edward Dillon (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USM, USL, ITG, CAO, FRL.

Fatty and Mabel’s Simple Life (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, ITG.

Mabel and Fatty’s Wash Day. Dir: Mabel Normand, Edward Dillon (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, ITG.

Mabel and Fatty Viewing the World’s Fair at San Francisco. Dir: “Fatty” Arbuckle, Mabel Normand (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, USL, USF, ITG.

Mabel, Fatty and the Law. Dir: Edward Dillon, Mabel Normand (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) Cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, Minta Durfree, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, USF, ITG.

Mabel Lost and Won. Dir: Mabel Normand (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Swain, si, b&w. Archive: USW, FRB.

Mabel’s Wilful Way. Dir: “Fatty” Arbuckle, Mabel Normand (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Normand, Arbuckle si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USL, GBB, ITG.

Wished on Mabel. Dir.: Mabel Normand (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, si, b&w. Archive: ITG, FRL.

2. Mabel Normand as Actress

A Tale of Two Cities. Dir.: William Humphrey (Vitagraph Company of America US 1911) cas.: Maurice Costello, Florence Turner, Tefft Johnson, Charles Kent, Mabel Normand, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USM, GBB, USL, USF.

The Baron. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Dell Henderson, Grace Henderson, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM, NLA, FRL.

Betty Becomes a Maid. (Vitagraph Company of America US 1911) cas.: Mabel Normand, Evangeline Blaisdell, Leo Delandy, si, b&w. Archive: GBB.

Dead Man’s Honor. (Vitagraph Company of America US 1911) cas.: Maurice Costello, Julia Swayne Gordon, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: GBB.

The Diamond Star. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Wilfred Lucas, Florence Barker, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM.

The Diving Girl. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Fred Mace, Mabel Normand, William J. Butler, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USL.

Her Awakening. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Harry Hyde, Mabel Normand, Kate Bruce, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USR, USL.

The Inventor’s Secret. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Ford Sterling, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM.

Italian Blood. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Joseph Graybill, Wilfred Lucas, Vivian Prescott, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM.

Making of a Man. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Dell Henderson, Blanche Sweet, Guy Hedlund, Mabel Normand, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USM, USW, USF.

The Revenue Man and the Girl. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Edwin August, Dorothy West, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USR, USF.

Saved From Himself. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Joseph Graybill, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM, NLA, FRL.

The Squaw’s Love. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Dark Cloud, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USR, USM, CAO, GBB, USF.

Through His Wife’s Picture. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Fred Mace, Edward Dillon, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM.

Troublesome Secretaries. Dir.: Ralph Ince (Vitagraph Company of America US 1911) cas.: Mabel Normand, John Bunny, Ralph Ince, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USF.

The Unveiling. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Robert Harron, Grace Henderson, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM.

A Victim of Circumstance. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Fred Mace, Dell Henderson, Lily Cahill, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM.

Why He Gave Up. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1911) cas.: Fred Mace, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM.

The Brave Hunter. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, Dell Henderson, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, GBB, FRL.

Cohen Collects a Debt. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1212) cas.: Mabel Normand, Fred Mace, Ford Sterling, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW.

A Coney Island. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, si, b&w. Archive: NLA.

Dash Through the Clouds. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Fred Mace, si, b&w. Archive: ITG, USR, USW, USM, USL, USF, FRL.

The Deacon Outwitted, 1912. Dir.: Henry Lehrman (Keystone Film Co. US 1912) cas.: Ford Sterling, Al St. John, Betty Schade, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: CAO.

Eternal Mother. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Edwin August, Blache Sweet, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USW, USR.

The Fatal Chocolate. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, Charles West, Dell Henderson, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USM, GBB.

The Fickle Spaniard. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Fred Mace, Claire McDowell, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, ITG, USF, FRL.

The Furs. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Dell Henderson, Mack Sennett, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, ITG, FRL.

The Grocery Clerk’s Romance. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, Harry McCoy, si, b&w. Archive: FRL.

He Must Have a Wife. Dir.: Dell Henderson (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Gus Pixley, Mabel Normand, William J. Butler, Ford Sterling, si, b&w. Archive: USM, GBB.

Helen’s Marriage. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Edward Dillon, Grace Henderson, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USW, ITG, FRL.

Help! Help! Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Fred Mace, Dell Henderson, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USM, USL, FRL.

Hot Stuff. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mack Sennett, Mabel Normand, Dell Henderson, si, b&w. Archive: USW, USM, FRL.

Interrupted Elopement. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USW, ITG.

Katchem Kate. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Fred Mace, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USW, ITG, FRL.

Mabel’s Stratagem. Dir.: George Nicholls (Keystone Film Co. US 1912) cas.: Mable Normand, Fred Mace, si, b&w. Archive: ITG.

The Mender of Nets. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mary Pickford, Charles West, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USR, USM, CAO, GBB, USL, AUC, USW.

Mr. Grouch at the Seashore. Dir.: Dell Henderson (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Edward Dillon, J. Jiquel Lanoe, Jack Pickford, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM.

Neighbors. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Fred Mace, Mabel Normand, Sylvia Ashton, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USM, USW, ITG, USL, USF.

The New Baby. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, si, b&w. Archive: USM.

Oh, Those Eyes! Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Dell Henderson, Edward Dillon, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USM, GBB, NZW, FRL.

The Rivals. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, Mack Sennett, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USR, USW, USL, FRL.

The Spanish Dilemma. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, Fred Mace, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USM, GBB, USL, USF, FRL.

The Tourists. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Charles West, William J. Butler, Grace Henderson, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USM, USL, FRL.

A Voice from the Deep. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Charles West, William J. Butler, Grace Henderson, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USM, USL, FRL.

The Water Nymph. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, Mack Sennett, Mary Maxwell, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: ITG, USL, USF, SES, FRL.

What the Doctor Ordered. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, Kate Toncray, Edward Dillon, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USW, ITG, FRL.

When Kings Were the Law. Dir.: D.W. Griffith (Biograph Co. US 1912) cas.: Wilfred Lucas, Harry Hyde, Dorothy Bernard, J. Jiquel Lanoe, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USW, GBB.

The Bangville Police. Dir.: Henry Lehrman (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Nick Cogley, Dot Farley, Fred Mace, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: ITG, USW, USM, USL, USB, FRL.

Barney Oldfield’s Race for a Life. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, Ford Sterling, Helen Holmes, si, b&w. Archive: GBC, ITG, USR, USW, USM, CAO, USL, USF, USB, AUC.

The Bowling Match. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, Fred Mace, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USM, ROB.

The Cure That Failed. Dir.: George Nicholls (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, si, b&w. Archive: GBB.

The Gusher. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: DEI, USR.

A Healthy Neighborhood. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, si, b&w. Archive: GBB, ITN.

Her Dramatic Debut. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, Virginia Kirtley, si, b&w. Archive: USF.

Hide and Seek. Dir.: George Nichols (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Ford Sterling, Betty Schade, Nick Cogley, Mabel Normand, Helen Holmes, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, FRL.

A Little Hero. Dir.: George Nichols (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, George Nichols, si, b&w. Archive: GBB.

Mabel’s Awful Mistakes. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USR.

Mabel’s New Hero. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, Charles Avery, si, b&w. Archive: USM, USB, CAQ, FRL.

A Muddy Romance. Dir.: Mack Sennett, George Nichols (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, Minta Durfee, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, CAO, GBB, USL, USF, FRL.

A Noise from the Deep. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, Mack Sennett, si, b&w. Archive: YUB, USM.

The Riot. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Fort Sterling, Charles Murray, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: GBB, ESB.

The Speed Kings. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, Teddy Tetzlaff, Earl Cooper, si, b&w. Archive: ITG, USF, FRL, USW.

A Strong Revenge. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, Mack Sennett, si, b&w. Archive: FRL.

That Ragtime Band. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, Nick Cogley, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW.

Those Good Old Days. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, Phyllis Allen, si, b&w. Archive: FRL.

When Dreams Come True. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1913) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, Ford Sterling, Fred Mace, si, b&w. Archive: USR.

A Film Johnnie. Dir.: George Nichols (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Charlie Chaplin, Mabel Normand, Virginia Kirtley, “Fatty” Arbuckle, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive : ROB, ITG, DKK, USW, HUB, USL, FRN, AUC, FRL.

Fatty’s Wine Party. Dir.: “Fatty” Arbuckle, Eddie Dillon (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: “Fatty” Arbuckle, Minta Durfee, Mabel Normand, Mack Swain, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, GBB.

Gentlemen of Nerve. Dir.: Charles Chaplin (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Charlie Chaplin, Mabel Normand, Mack Swain, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive : FRB, ARF, USW, GBB, ITG, USR, USL, CAQ, DKK, FRL.

His Trysting Place. Dir.: Charles Chaplin (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Charlie Chaplin, Mabel Normand, Mack Swain, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive : FRB, CAQ, BRR, ITB, ITG, ILA, USW, USM, CAO, GBB, USL, USR, USF, DKK, FRL.

An Incompetent Hero. Dir.: “Fatty” Arbuckle, Eddie Dillon (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: “Fatty” Arbuckle, Minta Durfee, Mabel Normand, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USL.

Mabel’s Blunder. (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Mabel Normand, Charley Chase, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, USF.

The Sea Nymphs. Dir.: “Fatty” Arbuckle (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: “Fatty” Arbuckle, Minta Durfee, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: DKK, DEI, USR.

Those Country Kids. Dir.: “Fatty” Arbuckle, Eddie Dillon (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: “Fatty” Arbuckle, Mabel Normand, Al St. John, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: USW, GBB.

Tillie’s Punctured Romance. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1914) cas.: Charles Chaplin, Mabel Normand, Marie Dressler, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive : BGS, USF, BEB, ITG, PLW, RUR, USW, HUB, USM, GBB, NLA, ROB, CAQ, ESB, USI, AUC, FRL, USL, DKK.

Fatty and Mabel at the San Diego Exposition. Dir.: “Fatty” Arbuckle (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, si, b&w. Archive: ITG, FRL.

Getting Acquainted. Dir.: Charles Chaplin (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Charlie Chaplin, Mabel Normand, Mack Swain, si, b&w. Archive : ITG, DKK, USW, USM, GBB, ITN, USL, USF, ESB, CAQ, ITB, FRL.

The Little Teacher. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, Fatty Arbuckle, si, b&w. Archive: USW.

My Valet. Dir.: Mack Sennett (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, Mack Sennett, Raymond Hitchcock, si, b&w. Archive: DKK, USL, USW.

That Little Band of Gold. Dir.: “Fatty” Arbuckle (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, Ford Sterling, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: ITG, FRL, USW.

Their Social Splash. Dir.: Arvid E. Gillstrom, Charles Avery (Keystone Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Charles Murray, Polly Moran, Slim Summerville, Mabel Normand, si, b&w. Archive: ITG, GBB, FRL.

Fatty and Mabel Adrift. Dir.: “Fatty” Arbuckle (Keystone Film Co. US 1916) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, Al St. John, si, b&w. Archive: ITG, USM, USR, USW, USF, USL, USB, FRL, DKK.

He Did and He Didn’t. Dir.: “Fatty” Arbuckle (Keystone Film Co. US 1916) cas.: Mabel Normand, “Fatty” Arbuckle, Al St. John, si, b&w. Archive: USR, USW, NLA, ITG, USL, FRL.

What Happened to Rosa. Dir.: Victor Schertzinger (Goldwyn Pictures Corp. US 1920) cas.: Mabel Normand, Hugh Thompson, Tully Marshall, si, b&w, 35mm. Archive: ITG, USW, FRL.

When Doctors Disagree. Dir.: Victor Schertzinger (Goldwyn Pictures Corp. US 1920) cas.: Mabel Normand, Walter Hiers, George Nichols, si, b&w. Archive: BEB.

Head Over Heels. Dir.: Victor Schertzinger, Paul Bern (Goldwyn Pictures Corp. US 1922) cas.: Mabel Normand, Hugh Thompson, Adolphe Menjou, si, b&w. Archive: USW.

Oh, Mabel Behave. Dir.: Mack Sennett, For Sterling (Triangle Film Corp. US 1922) cas.: Mack Sennett, Mabel Normand, Ford Sterling, si, b&w. Archive: FRC.

Suzanna. Dir.: F. Richard Jones (Mack Sennett Comedies. US 1922) cas.: Mabel Normand, George Nichols, Walter McGrail, si, b&w. Archive: RUR.

The Extra Girl. Dir.: F. Richard Jones (Mack Sennett Comedies.. US 1923) cas.: Mabel Normand, Ralph Graves, George Nichols, si, b&w. Archive: ITG, USR, USM, RUR, USL, CAQ, FRL.

The Nickel-Hopper. Dir.: F. Richard Jones (Hal Roach Studios, Inc. US 1926) cas. : Mabel Normand, Theodore von Eltz, si, b&w. Archive : USL, USR, FRL.

Raggedy Rose. Dir. : Richard Wallace (Hal Roach Studios, Inc. US 1926) cas. : Mabel Normand, Carl Miller, Max Davidson, si, b&w. Archive : USL, GBB, FRL.

Anything Once! Dir.: Hal Yates, F. Richard Jones (Hal Roach Studios, Inc. US 1927) cas.: Mabel Normand, James Finlayson, si, b&w. Archive : FRL.

Should Men Walk Home? Dir.: Leo McCarey (Hal Roach, Inc. US 1927) cas.: Mabel Normand, Creighton Hale, Oliver Hardy, si, b&w. Archive: USL, GBB.

3. Mabel Normand as Actress and Producer (Mabel Normand Feature Film Co.)

Mickey. Prod.: Mack Sennett, Mabel Normand, dir.: F. Richard Jones, James Young (Mabel Normand Feature Film Co. US 1918) cas.: Mabel Normand, George Nichols, Wheeler Oakman, si, b&w. Archive: BEB, USW, USM, GBB, ROB, ITG, USL, MXU.

Molly O’. Prod.: Mack Sennett, Mabel Normand, dir.: F. Richard Jones (Mabel Normand Feature Film Co. US 1921) cas.: Mabel Normand, George Nichols, si, b&w. Archive: RUR, USL.

B. Filmography: Not Extant Titles:

1. Mabel Normand as Actress and Director or Co-Director

Foiling Fickle Father, 1913; Hello Mabel, 1914; Her Friend the Bandit, 1914; Love and Gasoline, 1914; Mabel’s Bear Escape, 1914; Mabel’s Latest Prank, 1914; Mabel’s Nerve, 1914; Mabel’s New Job, 1914; Mabel’s Stormy Love Affair, 1914; A Thief Catcher, 1914; Won in a Closet, 1914.

2. Mable Normand as Actress

Indiscretions of Betty, 1910; Over the Garden Wall, 1910, Willful Peggy, 1910; The Changing of Silas Marner, 1911; His Mother, 1911; Picciola , 1911; How Betty Won the School, 1911; Saved From Herself, 1911; The Strategy of Ann, 1911; The Subduing of Mrs. Nag, 1911; Two Overcoats, 1911; When a Man’s Married His Trouble Begins, 1911;  Ambitious Butler, 1912; At It Again, 1912; The Beating He Needed,1912; Brown’s Séance, 1912; The Deacon’s Troubles, 1912;  A Desperate Lover, 1912; The Drummer’s Vacation, 1912; The Duel, 1912; A Family Mixup, 1912; The Flirting Husband, 1912; Kings Court, 1212; Mabel’s Adventures, 1912; Mabel’s Lovers,1912; A Midnight Elopement, 1912; Mr. Fix-It, 1912;  The New Neighbor, 1912;  Pat’s Day Off, 1912; Pedro’s Dilemma, 1912; A Race for a Life, 1212; Tempermental Husband, 1912; Baby Day, 1913; The Battle of Who Run, 1913; Brothers, 1913; Cohen Saves the Flag, 1913; The Doctored Affair, 1913; A Double Wedding, 1913; Faithful Taxicab, 1913; Father’s Choice, 1913; Fatty at San Diego, 1913; Fatty’s Flirtation, 1913; For Lizzie’s Sake, 1913; For the Love of Mabel, 1913; The Foreman of the Jury, 1913;  Gypsy Queen, 1913;   The Hansom Driver, 1913; Heinze’s Resurrection, 1913; Her New Beau, 1913; Hubby’s Job, 1913; Just Brown’s Luck,1913; Love and Courage, 1913;  Love and Pain, 1913; Love Sickness at Sea, 1913; Mabel’s Heroes, 1913;  Mistaken Masher, 1913; On His Wedding Day, 1913; Passions, He Had Three, 1913; Professor Bean’s Removal, 1913; Professor’s Daughter, 1913; Red Hot Romance, 1913; The Rube and the Baron, 1913; The Rural Third Degree, 1913; Saving Mabel’s Dad, 1913; The Sleuths at the Floral Parade, 1913; The Speed Queen, 1913; A Tangled Affair, 1913; The Telltale Light, 1913;  A Twelve O’Clock, 1913;  Two Widows, 1913; The Waiters’ Picnic, 1913; Zuzu, the Band Leader, 1913; The Alarm, 1914; A Gambling Rube, 1914; Glimpse of Los Angeles, 1914; In the Clutches of the Gang, 1914; Lovers Post Office, 1914; Mack at It Again, 1914; A Misplaced Foot, 1914;  A Missing Bride, 1914; Shotguns that Kick, 1914;  The Sky Pirate, 1914;  Where Hazel Met the Villain, 1914; Won in a Closet, 1914; Rum and Wall Paper, 1915; Stolen Magic, 1915; Back to the Woods, 1918; Dodging a Million, 1918; The Floor Below, 1918; Joan of Plattsburg, 1918; Peck’s Bad Girl, 1918; A Perfect 36, 1918; The Venus Model, 1918; Jinx, 1919; The Pest, 1919; Sis Hopkins, 1919; Upstairs, 1919; Pinto, 1920; The Slim Princess, 1920; One Hour Married, 1927. 

3. Mable Normand as Herself

Charlie’s Life, 1916; Stake Uncle Sam to Play Your Hand, 1918.

Credit Report

In compiling this filmography, we have referred to the following sources: Keystone Company release records for March 1913 to April 1914, in the Sennett collection at AMPAS; FIAF database; filmographies for Normand and Keystone appended to Fussell and Lahue; Kemp Niver’s catalog for the USW Paper Print Collection (for Biograph releases); Brooks Bushnell, Directors and Their Films, 1895-1990 (Jefferson, NC: MacFarland & Co., 1993); and a web-based Normand filmography Angelfire at: http://www.angelfire.com/mn/hp/filmogp.html. A large number—but by no means all—of the discrepancies we note here stem from a desire on the part of Normand’s celebrated male co-stars Chaplin and Arbuckle (as well as their subsequent champions) to claim shared directorial credit as well as joint top billing. Additional sources used to track Normand’s acting career include the Braff Papers, Paul Spehr’s company credits, Denise Lowe’s Encyclopedic Dictionary and the AFI catalogue. Specific issues are listed below:

Tomboy Bessie is listed as being co-directed by Normand in Fuseell, but all other sources list Sennett as the sole director. Fatty and Mabel’s Simple Life lists no director, but the film is usually credited to Arbuckle or Arbuckle/Normand. Those Country Kids. Is listed as the as being directed by Eddie Dillon in FIAF, but most other sources and filmographies list Arbuckle as the director. The Gusher is listed at 1913 in all sources including filmographies about Arbuckle and Sterling, however it is listed as 1912 in FIAF. The Speed Kings is sometimes credited as Teddy Tetzlaff and Earl Cooper. The director is also listed as Mack Sennett in some sources as as Wilfred Lucas in others. Her Dramatic Debut is listed in FIAF, but with no cast or crew information, however the film is credited in most sources as Mabel’s Dramatic Career, and credits were culled using the second title. The director of A Little Hero is usually credited to Mack Sennett, however the FIAF record lists George Nichols. Some sources list Mabel Normand as appearing as an extra in the D.W. Griffith short Near to Earth (1913), which seems unlikely as by 1913, Normand and Sennett had both left Biograph. The Deacon Outwitted lists the year of release as 1914 in Braff, 1912 in FIAF, and 1913 in Denise Lowe’s Encyclopedic Dictionary. The Fickle Spaniard is credited to Mack Sennett in all sources, however, FIAF also lists Dell Henderson and co-director. A Voice from the Deep is not listed in FIAF, Braff or Spehr, however, it is listed in Lowe and Fussell. The Baron is credited on FIAF as being directed by D.W. Griffith, however, it is credited to Mack Sennett is most other sources.

Citation

Joyce, Simon; Jennifer Putzi. "Mabel Normand." In Jane Gaines, Radha Vatsal, and Monica Dall’Asta, eds. Women Film Pioneers Project. Center for Digital Research and Scholarship. New York, NY: Columbia University Libraries, 2013. Web.   September 27, 2013.   <https://wfpp.cdrs.columbia.edu/pioneer/ccp-mabel-normand/>

Related

Below are lists of other pioneers that are related to Mabel Normand by occupation or geography.

Occupation: co-directors


Occupation: comediennes


Occupation: directors


Occupation: film actresses


Occupation: producers


Occupation: scenario writers


Place: United States