This text was printed from the Women Film Pioneers Project at Columbia University.
To promote readability and conserve consumable resources, images and interactive elements in the digital version do not appear in print format.
Please visit https://wfpp.cdrs.columbia.edu/pioneer/ccp-gale-henry/ to see the complete version.
Thought to be the prototype for Popeye’s girlfriend Olive Oyl, Gale Henry was tall and extremely skinny, with large eyes and a sharp nose. Known as “The Elongated Comedienne,” from 1914 to 1933 she entertained audiences with eccentric physical comedy. Like her contemporaries Alice Howell, Mabel Normand, Marie Dressler, and Louise Fazenda, Gale took many bumps and bruises in the name of laughter alongside her male comedian counterparts in an estimated two hundred fifty-eight shorts and features, some of the craziest of which she wrote. Her active female characters bear comparison with Pearl White and Helen Holmes, the “serial queens” of the 1910s, and she often spoofed the cliff-hanger genre in which they appeared. Henry’s performing style could be very broad, but she also had a gift for small, insightful gestures that could bring a moment of pathos and feeling into the knockabout. She often played put-upon slavies, but her unconventional looks also made her perfect as a lovelorn spinster, an overbearing wife, or a burlesque country girl. She wore a wide-brimmed hat, a tight, old-fashioned button-up blouse, a long plaid or checkered skirt, and clunky high-top shoes. The overall look had a feel of L. Frank Baum’s Scarecrow of Oz—as if she were put together from odd, mismatching parts.
After growing up on a ranch in Bear Valley, California, Gale Henry began her stage career with the Temple Opera Company. In a 1920 Photoplay article, “The Bear Facts About Gale Henry,” she said that her film career began in 1914: “I knew a girl who worked at Universal; she took me out there with her one morning, and I got a job. That’s all there is to it, except I remained there five years and was featured in two hundred comedies” (26–27). She was regularly employed in Universal’s Joker Comedies, a series set up in 1913 to compete with Mack Sennett’s Keystone comedies.
One motion picture from the series that survives, A Millionaire for a Minute (1915), stars Max Asher as a bumpkin in love with schoolmarm Gale. Her old, Egyptologist uncle is against their marriage, but when Max gets an inheritance, they decide to elope. At the same time a pair of crooks breeze into town to fleece Max. When it turns out that his inheritance is Cleopatra’s ring, everyone leaves him in disgust except faithful Gale. The uncle finds out about the ring and is more than willing to trade Gale for it to provide a happy ending. Presented in an economical style, the slapstick grows logically out of the situations, and the acting is relatively subdued for a knockabout comedy.
During her tenure at Universal Pictures, Gale Henry turned up in the studios’ other brands, such as Nestor and L-Ko, after their star comedienne Alice Howell moved to Century Comedies. In 1915 Pat Powers produced the Lady Baffles and Detective Duck series, a spoof of cliff-hanger serials in eleven one-reel chapters, of which at least two are extant. Max Asher played inventor and master of disguise Detective Duck, who was hot on the heels of his nemesis, the mysterious crook, Lady Baffles (Gale). For this witty and surreal series Gale wrote many of the original stories, with chapter titles like “The Dread Society of the Sacred Sausage.” While she is only officially credited as author on a handful of other shorts, it is very likely that she continued contributing story ideas and developing her screen character, especially when she set up her own independent production company, the Model Comedy Company.
Gale Henry left Universal in 1918 and with her husband, Bruno J. Becker, started the Model Comedy Company. Their shorts were distributed by the Bulls Eye Corporation and were designed to exploit and showcase Henry’s talents. The extant two-reel The Detectress (1919) presents her as an aspiring detective who investigates a Chinese gang lord’s plot to steal the plans for an invention that will enable diners to see what is in the chop suey they’re eating. A nonstop chase through the Chinatown maze of trapdoors and secret panels provides the climax, but in the end the story turns out to be Gale’s opium-induced dream. Another extant Model Film Company title, Her First Flame (1919), is set in the future of 1950 where women have taken over and men wear dresses. Gale is running for the office of fire chief, and after she wins, the loser kidnaps Gale’s frilly boyfriend. When he spurns her advances, the rival ties him up in a burning house, but Gale saves the day in a last-minute rescue. It would be productive to investigate whether, under the guise of comedy, Henry had, in fact, greater freedom of movement than the popular lady detectives and cliff-hanger heroines whose films she spoofed and played on.
In 1920, when Bulls Eye merged and became part of the Reelcraft Pictures Corporation, Gale discontinued her series and was off the screen for a time. Through the 1920s she appeared in eighteen features, the most memorable being Open All Night (1924), where she was teamed with Raymond Griffith, and Stranded (1927), in which she gives an excellent performance as a cynical, well-seasoned Hollywood bit player who takes young Shirley Mason under her wing and teaches her the ropes of working at the studios.
When sound took over Hollywood, Gale made a swift transition, appearing in two features, The Love Doctor (1929) and Darkened Rooms (1929), plus Charley Chase’s first Talkie The Big Squawk (1929). Her precise, spinster-like voice was fine and suited to her established persona, but after an occasional short, again with Chase, she retired in 1933, at the age of forty, relatively old for a female silent film comic writer-performer.
“Comedienne Gale Henry is No Longer with Bulls Eye.” The Moving Picture World (14 Feb. 1920): 1055.
“Gale Henry Forms Company.” The Moving Picture World (10 Aug. 1918): 828.
“Gale Henry is now L-KO Star.” The Moving Picture World (26 Jan. 1918): 539.
Webster, Dorothy Faith. “The Bear Facts About Gale Henry.” Photoplay (Jan. 1920): 26-27.Complete Project Bibliographies
A. Archival Filmography: Extant Film Titles:
1. Gale Henry as Story Writer and Actress
Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in When the Wets Went Dry. Dir.: Allen Curtis, st.: Gale Henry (Powers Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Max Asher, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 1 reel. Archive: USW.
Lady Baffles and Detective Duck - Episode One: The Great Egg Robbery. Dir.: Allen Curtis, st.: Gale Henry (Powers Film Co. US 1915) cas.: Max Asher, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 1 reel. Archive: USW.
2. Gale Henry as Actress and Producer (Model Film Company)
The Slavey. Prod.: Gale Henry, dir.: Unknown (Model Comedy Co. US 1919) cas.: Gale Henry, Milburn Moranti, si, b&w, 2 reels. Archive: USW.
3. Gale Henry as Actress
Love Disguised. Dir.: Allen Curtis (Joker US 1914) cas.: Louise Fazenda, Gale Henry, si, b&w,
1 reel. Archive: USW.
Fools and Pajamas. Dir.: Allen Curtis (Joker US 1915) cas.: Louise Fazenda, Gale Henry, si,
b&w, 1 reel. Archive: USM.
A Millionaire for a Minute. Dir.: Allen Curtis (Joker US 1915) cas.: Max Asher, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 1 reel. Archive: USW.
The Inspector’s Double. Dir.: William Beaudine (Joker US 1916) cas.: Gale Henry, Billy Franey, si, b&w, 1 reel. Archive: USW.
Bashful Charley’s Proposal. Dir.: Allen Curtis (Joker US 1916) cas.: Gale Henry, Billy Franey, si, b&w, 1 reel. Archive: NLA.
A Burglar’s Bride. Dir.: Allen Curtis (Joker US 1917) cas.: Gale Henry, Jack Dillon, si, b&w, 1 reel. Archive: GBB.
Circus Sarah. Dir.: Allen Curtis (Joker US 1917) cas.: Gale Henry, Milton Sims, si, b&w, 1 reel. Archive: GBB.
Kitchinella. Dir.: Allen Curtis (Joker US 1917) cas.: Gale Henry, Milton Sims, si, b&w, 1 reel. Archive: GBB.
It’s a Cruel World. Dir.: Allen Curtis (Nestor US 1918) cas.: Gale Henry, Billy Franey, si, b&w, 1 reel. Archive: GBB.
Night Life in Hollywood. Dir.: Fred Caldwell (Maescher US 1922) cas.: Gale Henry, J. Frank Glendon, si, b&w, 6 reels. Archive: USW
All Tied Up. Dir.: George “Slim” Summerville ( Joe Rock Productions, US 1925) cas.: Hilliard “Fatty” Karr, Frank “Kewpie” Ross, Frank D. “Tiny” Alexander, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 2 reels, 35mm. Archive: USW
Mighty Like a Moose. Dir.: Leo McCarey (Hal Roach US 1926) cas.: Charley Chase, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 2 reels. Archive: GBB.
Galloping Ghosts. Dir.: Ralph Cedar (Joe Rock US 1926) cas.: Frank Alexander, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 2 reels. Archive: USM.
What? No Spinach. Dir.: Harry Sweet (Joe Rock US 1926) cas.: Harry Sweet, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 2 reels, 16mm. Archive: Streamline Film Archives.
The Vulgar Yachtsman. Dir.: Marcel Perez (Joe Rock US 1926) cas.: Frank Alexander, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 2 reels. Archive: GBB.
Two Time Mama. Dir.: Fred Guiol (Hal Roach US 1927) cas.: Glen Tryon, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 2 reels. Archive: USM.
Stranded. Dir.: Phil Rosen (Sterling Pictures US 1927) cas.: Shirley Mason, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 6 reels. Archives: USW.
The Long Hose. Dir.: William Watson (Christie Comedies US 1928) cas.: Jack Duffy, Gale Henry, si, b&w, 2 reels. Archive: FRL.
The Big Squawk. Dir.: Warren H. Doane (Hal Roach US 1929) cas.: Charley Chase, Gale Henry, sd, b&w, 2 reels. Archive: USW.
B. Filmography: Not Extant Titles:
1. Gale Henry as Story Writer and Actress
Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in the 18 Carrot Mystery, 1915; Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in Baffles Aids Cupid, 1915; Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in Saved by a Scent, 1915; Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in the Dread Society of the Sacred Sausage, 1915; Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in the Ore Mystery, 1915; Chills and Chickens, 1915; Lemonade Aids Cupid, 1916; His Highness the Janitor, 1916; A Raffle for a Husband, 1916; The Masked Marvel, 1917.
2. Gale Henry as Actress and Producer (Model Film Company)
The Wild Woman, 1919; Stung, 1919; The Farmerette, 1919; Cash, 1919; Her Honor, the Scrub Lady, 1919; Sweet Cookie, 1919; Kids, 1919; Pants, 1919; Lizzie’s Luck, 1919; Her Week-End, 1919; Chicken a la King, 1919; Don’t Chase Your Wife, 1919; Gas, 1919; Ham an-, 1919; Home Talent, 1919; This Way Out, 1919; The Champeen, 1920; Heirlooms, 1920; Help!, 1920; The Movies, 1920.
3. Gale Henry as Actress
The Midnight Alarm, 1914, The Tender Hearted Sheriff, 1914; Universal Ike Has His Ups and Downs, 1914; Schultz the Barber, 1914; A Dream of Painting, 1914; Love and Electricity, 1914; Universal Ike Junior Is Kept from Being an Actor, 1914; The Fatal Letter, 1914; Captain Kids Priceless Treasures, 1914; The Great Universal Mystery, 1914; Love, Roses and Trousers, 1914; His Wife’s Family, 1914; The Polo Champions, 1914; Wifie’s Busy Day, 1914; That’s Fair Enough, 1914; What Happened to Schultz?, 1914; The Diamond Nippers, 1914; Well! Well!, 1914; Oh! What’s the Use?, 1914; Jam and Jealousy, 1914; In the Clutches of the Villain, 1914; The Baseball Fans of Fanville, 1914; Cruel, Cruel World, 1914; Across the Court, 1914; When their Wives Joined the Regiment, 1914; The De-Feet of the Father, 1914; The Battle of the Nations, 1914; He Fell in Love with His Mother-in-Law, 1915; The Blank Note, 1915; The Plumber Wins the Girl, 1915; Won with Dynamite, 1915; Fooling Father, 1915; Love and Law, 1915; Saved by a Shower, 1915; The Water Cure, 1915; School Day, 1915; Back to School Days, 1915; Schultz’s Lady Friend, 1915; The Rejuvenation of Liza Jane, 1915; Wedding Bells Shall Ring, 1915; The Way He Won the Widow, 1915; The Fatal Kiss, 1915; Over the Bounding Waves, 1915; Cy Perkins in the City of Delusion, 1915; A Day at the San Diego Fair, 1915; The Lady Doctor of Grizzly Gulch, 1915; Hiram’s Inheritance, 1915; The Lover’s Lucky Predicament, 1915; How Billy got his Raise, 1915; Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in the Sign of the Sacred Safety Pin, 1915; A Duke for a Day, 1915; At the Bingville Booster’s Barbeque, 1915; When Schultz Led the Orchestra, 1915; The Village Smithy, 1915; The Wrong Label, 1915; Right Off the Reel, 1915; Freaks, 1915; Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in the Signal of the Three Socks, 1915; A Duel at Dawn, 1915; Their Bewitched Elopement, 1915; A Dip in the Water, 1915; The Bravest of the Brave, 1915; When Hiram Went to the City, 1915; At the Beach Incognito, 1915; He Couldn’t Fool His Mother-in-Law, 1915; He Couldn’t Support His Wife, 1915; No Babes Allowed, 1915; Pete’s Awful Crime, 1915; Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in the Last Roll, 1915; Twentieth Century Susie, 1915; Lady Baffles and Detective Duck in Kidnapping the King’s Kid, 1915; Mrs. Prune’s Boarding House, 1915; Slightly Mistaken, 1915; The Opera Singer’s Romance, 1915; Those Female Haters, 1916; Leap and Look Thereafter, 1916; Mrs. Green’s Mistake, 1916; Wanted a Piano Tuner, 1916; Love Laughs at the Law, 1916; Muchly Married, 1916; It Nearly Happened, 1916; Hubby Pulls One Over, 1916; The Jitney Driver’s Romance, 1916; A Perfect Match, or 1 Plus 1 Equals 2, 1916; A Wife for a Ransom, 1916; A Raffle for a Husband, 1916; A Stage Villain, 1916; A Dark Suspicion, 1916; Love Quarantined, 1916; The Fall of Deacon Stillwaters, 1916; She Was Some Vampire, 1916; An All Around Cure, 1916; I’ve Got Yer Number, 1916; Kate’s Lovers Knots, 1916; She Wrote a Play and Played It, 1916; Soup and Nuts, 1916; You Want Something?, 1916; A Marriage for Revenge, 1916; The Elixir of Life, 1916; The Deacon Stops the Show, 1916; In Onion There Is Strength, 1916; Musical Madness, 1916; Father Gets In Wrong, 1916; Beans and Bullets, 1916; A Crooked Mix-Up, 1916; A Shadowed Shadow, 1916; In Love With a Fireman, 1916; Their First Arrest, 1916; Jags and Jealousy, 1916; A Janitor’s Vendetta, 1916; Scrappily Married, 1916; The Tramp’s Chef, 1916; Their Dark Secret, 1916; Love In Suspense, 1917; Mines and Matrimony, 1917; Barred from the Bar, 1917; Love Me, Love My Biscuits, 1917; When Damon Fell for Pythias, 1917; His Coming Out Party, 1917; Out For the Dough, 1917; Mule Mates, 1917; Rosie’s Rancho, 1917; Passing the Grip, 1917; Wanta Make a Dollar?, 1917; Art Aches, 1917; Whose Baby?, 1917; What the -?, 1917; A Boob for Luck, 1917; The Careless Cop, 1917; Take Back Your Wife, 1917; Left in the Soup, 1917; The Man With a Package, 1917; The Last Scent, 1917; The Boss of the Family, 1917; Simple Sapho, 1917; One Damp Day, 1917; The Twitching Hour, 1917; Some Nurse, 1917; The Soubrette, 1917; The Stinger Stung, 1917; The Vamp of the Camp, 1917; Mrs. Madame Manager, 1917; Busting Into Society, 1917; A Gale of Verse, 1917; Back to the Kitchen, 1917; Nearly a Queen, 1917; Short Skirts and Deep Water, 1917; Hawaiian Nuts, 1917; The Fountain of Trouble, 1917; Marble Heads, 1917; Her Naughty Choice, 1917; The Wart on the Wire, 1917; The Cross-Eyed Submarine, 1917; Who Done It?, 1917; Tightwad, 1917; I Quit!, 1917; The Shame of the Bullcon, 1917; Water on the Brain, 1917; Secret Servants, 1917; Cave Man Stuff, 1918; Who’s To Blame?, 1918; A Flyer in Folly, 1918; Cooks and Crooks, 1918; Nothing But Nerve, 1918; Gowns and Girls, 1918; Saved from a Vamp, 1918; A Rural Riot, 1918; Her Movie Madness, 1918; Who’s Your Wife?, 1918; Butter Again!, 1918; The Borrowed Baby, 1918; The Hunch, 1921; West Is Worst, 1922; Quincy Adams Sawyer, 1922; Hollywood, 1923; Tea – With a Kick, 1923; Held To Answer, 1923; The Fire Patrol, 1924; Merton of the Movies, 1924; Along Came Ruth, 1924; New Lives for Old, 1925; Declassee, 1925; Youth’s Gamble, 1925; A Fraternity Mix-Up, 1926; Break Away, 1927; Bigger and Better Blondes, 1927; What Women Did for Me, 1927; The Wild West Show, 1928; All Parts, 1928; Ruby Lips, 1929; The Love Doctor, 1929; Darkened Rooms, 1929.
C. DVD/VHS Sources:
The Charley Chase Collection Vol. 1: Might Like A Moose. DVD (Kino International USA 2004)
The Charley Chase Collection Vol. 2: His Wooden Wedding. DVD (Kino International US 2005)
The film What! No Spinach? is credited incorrectly in most reference books. Streamline Film Archives owns a print, which was screened by the author. Streamline is not a FIAF archive and What! No Spinach? is often listed as being a non-extant film.