A. The Career Profile

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The Profile

Short Profile + Bibliography, 2 Filmographies (extant and not extant), Credit Report, primary source information (Archival Paper Collections +  Archival Film Print Sources), Documents and Images, and DVD/VHS Sources and Streamed Media when possible.

    • Profile Specifications:
      • Word count for prose section only: 1,000 words (3-4 pages), but 1,500 words (4-4 1/2 pages) if includes film descriptions. Note: Bibliography, two Filmographies, other Sources are not part of this page count.
      • 12 pt. Times New Roman typeface.
      • Double space: Profile, Bibliography, Filmographies, all other data.
      • Heading: Most commonly used name top. Dates of birth and death (may also be “Unknown”). Also Known As = maiden names, pseudonyms, other married names and stage names. Provide occupations and where pioneer worked:

Alla Nazimova

June 4, 1879 – July 13, 1945

Also Known As: Miriam Edez Adelaida Leventon, Peter M. Winters

Worked as: art director, costume designer, director, editor, film actress, producer, screenwriter, set decorator, theater actress, title writer.

United States

For U.S. alternative names, see Library of Congress Authorities website: http://authorities.loc.gov/

    • Stylistic Standardization and Difference:
      • We attempt to keep philological and documentary approach consistent, while expecting internal organization to exhibit variations as a consequence of respective territories. While there is relative homogeneity in the Americas, Phase I, we will accommodate the more diverse cultural and linguistic situation of other world territories in later phases.
    • Tone:
      • This is not an encyclopedia. In writing style, the Profile attempts to avoid the authoritative tone of traditional historical writing. Also, it is an alternative to Wikipedia’s encyclopedic approach to knowledge, aiming to encourage further research rather than to provide final facts. The editors encourage writers to think creatively about the challenges of silent era motion picture research and to question previously published historical accounts. Make concrete references to film print and paper archives as much as possible, highlighting not erasing the conditions of research. One way to do this is to answer these questions directly or indirectly (via bibliographic sources) in the Profile:
        • Where do your findings diverge from or confirm existing accounts?
        • Are the sources readily available and rich or thin? Is most of your research based on reading trade publications from the period? Are there special print material collections? Are these public or private collections?
        • What are the special challenges of doing research on this figure? What percentage of the films are extant?
        • How does attribution (as in film credits) pose dilemmas?
        • Where do you think new research should begin? What questions need to be asked?

***Note on Silent/Sound Periodization: Concentrate on the silent era with reference to the sound era kept to a minimum. However, especially in Latin America and other parts of the world, careers do not pick up until sound, i.e. 1930s-1950s. We also make an exception, as explained in U.S. introduction, for films shot non-sync (shot silent), often into 1940s. If title has both silent and sound versions, please foreground.